UE 8 Generic methods for engineering

    En bref
  • Crédits ECTS : 5

Présentation

Cette UE comporte 3 modules :
- Controle des systèmes (Coef. 3) . Marie-Véronique Le Lann
- Capteurs, instrumentation... (Coef. 3)
- Maitrise statistique des procédés, plans d'expériences (Coef 1). Michel Aldanondo


This T.U. includes the following modules:
- Intrumentation, Sensors and Measurement (Coef. 1,5)
- Process control (Coef 2,5)
- Design of Experiments (DEX) and Statistical Process Control (SPC) (Coef 1).

Teaching block M81: Intrumentation, Sensors and Measurement (Prof. Fulbert Baudoin)
M81.1 Introduction: transducers sensors and measurements
M81.2 Static and dynamic characteristics
M81.3 Different types of sensors
M81.4 Sensors and their physical principles
M81.5 Data acquisition and signal processing

Teaching block M82: Process control (Prof. Marie-Véronique Le Lann)
M82.1 Modelling and analysis of chemical process dynamics
M82.2 Feedback control implementation and controller tuning

Teaching block M83: Design of Experiments (DEX) and Statistical Process Control (SPC) (Prof. Michel Aldanondo)
M83.1 Statistical Process Control – SPC
M83.2 Design of experiments – DEX

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Teaching blocks :

M81 : Coefficient: 1.5
Block coordinator: Prof. Fulbert Baudoin
Total workload: 30 hours
Teaching hours: 21 hours

Lecture (L) : 6h ; Tutorial (T): 11h ; Practical ℗: 3h ; Quizz: 1h


Synopsis and learning outcomes:
At the end of the module, the students will be able: to build an acquisition chain for a given application, to know the limit of the measurement, to choose a sensor for a given application

Contents:
M81.1 Introduction: transducers sensors and measurements (0.5 hour Lecture)
M81.2 Static and dynamic characteristics (1 hour Lecture ; 2 hours Tutorial)
Static: sensitivity, accuracy, precision, linearity, etc.
Dynamic: zero, first and second order systems
M81.3 Different types of sensors (0.5 hour Lecture)
Classification of sensors: active, passive
M81.4 Sensors and their physical principles (2 hours Lecture ; 4 hours Tutorial)
Physical phenomena: piezoelectric effect, piezoresitive effect, Faraday law, capacitive sensor, Seebeck effect, etc.
Sensors in chemical industry: pressure, level, flow and temperature
M81.5 Data acquisition and signal processing (2 hours Lecture ; 5 hours Tutorial ; 3 hours Practical)
Acquisition chain
Signal conditioning
Signal processing
Practice: build an acquisition chain with a temperature sensor, from sensor to the computer/controller

Assessment methods:
1 hour Quizz

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M 82 : Process Control
Block coordinator: Prof. Marie-Véronique Le Lann
Teaching staff:
Total workload: 50 hours
Teaching hours: 35 hours

Lecture (L):16h; Tutorial (T):10h ; Practical ℗: 4h ; Mini-Project: 5h

Synopsis and learning outcomes: At the end of the course the students will be able:
- (M82.1) : To develop a dynamic linear or linearized model of simple processes (first order and second order model, time delay) and their associated transfer functions, deduce charaterisctics parameters from dynamic experiments.
- (M82.2) : To analyze dynamic responses of closed-loop system and to know the main roles of PID controller and its parameters
Contents:
- M82.1 Modelling and analysis of chemical process dynamics
Modelling and analysis of linear systems of 1st order, 2nd order and systems with time delays. Definition of associated transfer functions. Analysis of responses in time domain and in frequency domain.
- M82.2 Feedback control implementation and controller tuning
Implementation of feedback control loop, open loop closed–loop schemes. Controller with proportional, integral
and derivative actions. Tuning of controllers: internal model control rules. Practical application of these different concepts on bench units or pilot scale units equipped with industrial PID controllers.
Assessment methods:
2 hours Quizz, 1 mini-project and Practical reports

Bibliography:
1) Process dynamics modeling and control; B.A Ogunnaike et W.H. Ray; Oxford University Press (1994).
2) Process modelling, simulation and control for chemical engineers; W.L.Luyben; Mc Graw-Hill International (1990).

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M 83 : Design of Experiments (DEX) and Statistical Process Control (SPC)
Coefficient: 1
Block coordinator: Prof. Michel Aldanondo

Total workload: 20 hours
Teaching hours: 14 hours

Lecture (L): 3h Tutorial (T): 10h Quizz: 1h

Synopsis and learning outcomes:
At the end of the module, the students will be able : (i) for SPC, to set up and operate a SPC process, (ii) for DEX, to set up and operate a design of experiments.

Contents:
M83.1 Statistical Process Control – SPC (1.5 hours Lecture ; 4 hours Tutorials ; 0.5 hour Quizz
Main issues reated to process control
Seting up process control
Defining control charts
Using control charts
Capability

M83.2 Design of experiments – DEX (1.5 hours Lecture ; 6 hours Tutorials ; 0.5 hour Quizz)
Factorial design of experiment, effect, interactions and associated models,
Fractional design of experiment, orthogonality conditions
Taguchi approach
Extensions

Assessment methods:
1 hour Quizz